MariaDB - MySQL Databases Migration Guide

WARNING:

It is your responsibility to verify that the migrated data is intact. For example, you can do mysqldump and then diff the outputs.

In Charmed Kubeflow (CKF) 1.7, MariaDB databases should be migrated to MySQL. There are two databases to migrate - katib-db and kfp-db. Prior to migration, MariaDB databases can be detected as instances of the charmed-osm-mariadb-k8s charm. After migration, databases will be instances of the mysql-k8s charm.

Contents:

Do you need to migrate?

A database migration is only required if the output of the following command is mariadb-k8s:


# replace DB_CHARM with desired unit name: `katib-db` or `kfp-db`

DB_CHARM= <kfp-db | katib-db>

juju show-application $DB_CHARM | yq '.[] | .charm'

Prerequisites

  • Client machine with access to deployed Charmed Kubeflow 1.7.

  • Juju version 2.9.

  • Enough storage in the cluster to support backup/restore of the databases.

  • mysql-client on client machine (install by running sudo apt install mysql-client).

Obtain existing database credentials

To obtain credentials for existing databases execute the following commands for each database to be migrated. Use those credentials in migration steps.


# replace DB_UNIT with desired unit name: `katib-db/0` or `kfp-db/0`

DB_UNIT= <katib-db/0 | kfp-db/0>

# obtain username and password of existing MariadDB database from DB relation

# in Charmed Kubeflow 1.7 username used is `root` and password is specified in `mysql` relation by

# 'root_password'

DB_MYSQL_RELATION_ID=$(juju show-unit $DB_UNIT | yq '.[] | .relation-info | select(.[].endpoint == "mysql") | .[0] | .relation-id')

DB_USER=root

DB_PASSWORD=$(bash -c "juju run --unit $DB_UNIT 'relation-get -r $DB_MYSQL_RELATION_ID - $DB_UNIT' | grep root_password" | awk '{print $2}')

DB_IP=$(juju show-unit $DB_UNIT | yq '.[] | .address')

Deploy new MySQL databases and obtain credentials

Deploy new MySQL databases and obtain credentials for each new database by executing the following commands, once per database:


# replace MYSQL_DB with desired application name: `katib-db-mysql` or `kfp-db-mysql`

MYSQL_DB= <katib-db-mysql | kfp-db-mysql>

# deploy new MySQL database charm

juju deploy mysql-k8s $MYSQL_DB --channel 8.0/stable --trust

# obtain username and password of new MySQL database from MySQL charm

MYSQL_DB_USER=$(juju run-action $MYSQL_DB/0 get-password --wait | yq '.[] | .results.username')

MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD=$(juju run-action $MYSQL_DB/0 get-password --wait | yq '.[] | .results.password')

MYSQL_DB_IP=$(juju show-unit $MYSQL_DB/0 | yq '.[] | .address')

Katib DB migration

Use the credentials and information obtained in previous steps for katib-db to perform the database migration by executing the following commands:


# ensure that there are no new connections are made and that dababase is not altered

# remove relation between katib-db-manager charm and katib-db charm

juju remove-relation katib-db-manager katib-db

# connect to unit's IP address using mysql client and verify that `katib` database exists

# this command will log you into mysql monitor prompt

mysql --host=$DB_IP --user=$DB_USER --password=$DB_PASSWORD

# exit mysql client session

# create backup of all databases file using `mysqldump` utility, username, password, and unit's IP address

# obtained earlier

# file `katib-db.sql` will be created that can be used to restore database

mysqldump --host=$DB_IP --user=$DB_USER --password=$DB_PASSWORD --column-statistics=0 --databases katib > katib-db.sql

# connect to new DB using username, password, and unit's IP address and restore database from backup

mysql --host=$MYSQL_DB_IP --user=$MYSQL_DB_USER --password=$MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD < katib-db.sql

# relate katib-db-manager and new MySQL database charm

juju relate katib-db-manager:relational-db $MYSQL_DB:database

KFP DB migration

Use the credentials and information obtained in the previous steps for kfp-db to perform the database migration by executing the following commands:


# ensure that there are no new connections are made and that dababase is not altered

# remove relation between kfp-api charm and kfp-db charm

juju remove-relation kfp-api kfp-db

# connect to unit's IP address using mysql client and verify that `mlpipeline` database exists

# this command will log you into mysql monitor prompt

mysql --host=$DB_IP --user=$DB_USER --password=$DB_PASSWORD

# exit mysql client session

# create backup of all databases file using `mysqldump` utility, username, password, and unit's IP address

# obtained earlier

# file `kfp-db.sql` will be created that can be used to restore database

mysqldump --host=$DB_IP --user=$DB_USER --password=$DB_PASSWORD --column-statistics=0 --databases mlpipeline > kfp-db.sql

# connect to new DB using username, password, and unit's IP address and restore database from backup

mysql --host=$MYSQL_DB_IP --user=$MYSQL_DB_USER --password=$MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD < kfp-db.sql

# relate kfp-api and new MySQL database charm

juju relate kfp-api:relational-db $MYSQL_DB:database

Verify DB migration

Note: some variables will vary per Katib vs. KFP, namely: $MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD and $MYSQL_DB_IP. These must be adjusted for the correct database, accordingly.


# compare new MySQL database and compare it to the backup created earlier

mysqldump --host=$MYSQL_DB_IP --user=$MYSQL_DB_USER --password=$MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD --column-statistics=0 --databases katib > katib-db-new.sql

diff katib-db.sql katib-db-new.sql

mysqldump --host=$MYSQL_DB_IP --user=$MYSQL_DB_USER --password=$MYSQL_DB_PASSWORD --column-statistics=0 --databases mlpipeline > kfp-db-new.sql

diff kfp-db.sql kfp-db-new.sql

The difference between two SQL backup files should be limited to server versions, IP addresses, timestamps and other non data related information. Example of difference:


< -- Host: 10.1.45.226 Database: katib

---

> -- Host: 10.1.46.40 Database: katib

5c5

< -- Server version 5.5.5-10.3.17-MariaDB-1:10.3.17+maria~bionic

---

> -- Server version 8.0.34-0ubuntu0.22.04.1

16a17,26

> SET @MYSQLDUMP_TEMP_LOG_BIN = @@SESSION.SQL_LOG_BIN;

> SET @@SESSION.SQL_LOG_BIN= 0;

>

> --

> -- GTID state at the beginning of the backup

> --

>

> SET @@GLOBAL.GTID_PURGED=/*!80000 '+'*/ '0d3210b9-587f-11ee-acf3-b26305f815ec:1-4,

> 34442d83-587f-11ee-84f5-b26305f815ec:1-85,

> 34444583-587f-11ee-84f5-b26305f815ec:1';

22c32

< CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/ `katib` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET latin1 */;

---

> CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/ `katib` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET latin1 */ /*!80016 DEFAULT ENCRYPTION='N' */;

34c44

< `id` int(11) NOT NULL,

---

> `id` int NOT NULL,

60c70

< `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

---

> `id` int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,

75a86

> SET @@SESSION.SQL_LOG_BIN = @MYSQLDUMP_TEMP_LOG_BIN;

86c97

< -- Dump completed on 2023-09-21 17:05:54

---

> -- Dump completed on 2023-09-21 17:09:40

Remove old databases


juju remove-application --destroy-storage katib-db kfp-db


Last updated 6 months ago.